Understanding the norms and practices of pathogen-sharing to improve global health security

How can we improve international arrangements for pathogen- and benefit-sharing to ensure health security for all?

Project Summary

Infectious diseases pose a threat to national security, but also have an economic value through the pathogen sharing practices, which aim to prevent, or at least strenghten capacities of reaction in case of crises. The Ebola crisis proved how critical pathogen sharing is to controlling outbreaks and thus, how beneficial sharing can be. However, existing governing frameworks for this process have several shortcomings, are under strain, and are very complicated. Furthermore, there are emergent technologies that take away the incentives to share.

The research questions guiding the analysis are as follows:

– How can pathogen- and benefit-sharing practices be measured, described and meaningfully assessed?

– What are the most important determinants of pathogen-sharing and non-sharing?  

– What specific global governance tools and instruments are likely to be most effective? 

The methodology envisaged to answer them includes both quantitative and qualitative analysis. Metrics will be developed for pathogen-sharing and they will be submitted to specialized focus groups for discussions and analysis. Two case studies of Ebola and Zika will be analyzed in depth. Hypotheses for policy will be developed and tested. 

Research Team

Suerie Moon
Coordinator
The Graduate Institute

Gian Luca Burci
Co-Coordinator
The Graduate Institute

Anthony Rizk
Principal Member
The Graduate Institute

Sylvie Briand
Associated Member
WHO

Anne Huvos
Associated Member
WHO

Stéphanie Dagron
Associated Member
University of Geneva

Rebecca Katz
Associated Member
Georgetown University

Mosoka Fallah
Associated Member
National Public Health Institute of Liberia

Jorge Bermudez
Associated Member
National School of Public Health at Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz), Brazil

Status

ongoing

Disciplines

Themes

Regions

Countries

Brazil, Liberia

Host Institution

Coordinator

Year