The world is currently experiencing the biggest wave of urban growth in history. While urbanisation is often associated with socio-economic progress, its influence on the general health of populations is mixed. Urban residents, on average, are often confronted with increased health stressors, such as air pollution.
Urban populations in developing contexts are commonly exposed to air pollution levels that are detrimental to public health and the environment. In this context and given competing political positions, policymakers struggle to design effective policy instrument packages.
This project explores the following core components:
Drawing upon expert and stakeholder interviews, this project initially identifies (potentially) relevant policy instruments and their anticipated variation in effectiveness, which are then adopted within survey-embedded choice experimental designs to identify clean air policy-instruments and packages. The focus is primary sources of local air pollution (e.g., vehicles, industry, households, construction). The project studies six capital cities of representative democracies in the Global South with low air quality, notably Accra (GH), Dakar (SN), Delhi (IN), Jakarta (ID), Lima (PE), San Salvador (SV).
Our research will provide both insights on potential solutions to air pollution in these urban areas and develop a foundation for future research on additional urban areas.
University of Bern