Feminist Analysis of Social and Solidarity Economy Practices: Views from Latin America and India

What are the practices, social relations and power relations to social reproduction within the Social and Solidarity Economy (SSE)? What is the contribution of SSE to the renewal of public action and policies in the field of production and social reproduction?


Production, exchange and redistribution practices based on solidarity can be found in almost all areas of economic activity. Long ignored, these Social and Solidarity Economic (SSE) practices are receiving growing attention by scholars and by public authorities. This increasing interest however, remains gender blind, even though these practices are highly gendered and women play a major role in them. The SSE practices in the area of social reproduction are still under-recognised. This research project aims at addressing these gaps in SSE analysis and policies from a feminist perspective. It will contribute to the empirical and theoretical debates on social reproduction.

The project team hypothesises that to be truly transformative SSE needs to also address the reorganisation of social reproduction, integrating the political goals of gender equality and more equitable power relations. The research aims at understanding practices, social relations and power relations in relation to social reproduction within SSE. It furthermore seeks explore the contribution of SSE to the renewal of public action and policies, in the field of production and social reproduction.

SSE organisations located in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil and India have been selected where in-depth studies at the micro-level will be developed, using feminist anthropological approaches. At the meso- and macro-level, the project will explore the interactions between SSE and political debate, action and public policies, using feminist economics, sociology and political science approaches. These multi-scalar and pluri-disciplinary studies will produce comparative analysis and contribute to substantial conclusions, both at theoretical and policy levels.


  • Solidarity economy
  • Sustainability
  • Development studies
  • Feminist studies
  • Gender policies
  • Social reproduction and care


  • Anthropology
  • Development
  • Economics
  • Environment
  • Political science
  • Sociology


International Organisations:


Non Governmental Organisations:

  • Sempreviva Organizacao Feminista –SOF, Sao Paolo

States & Public Collectivites:

  • IRD- Institut de Recherche pour le Développement-Paris
  • CNAM – Conservatoire national des Arts et Metiers – Paris
  • Universidad Mayor de San Andres-La Paz, Bolivia
  • Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento, Buenos Aires
  • Institut Francais de Pondichery, Inde
  • Institute of Social Studies Trust (ISST)

Relevant Countries

  • Argentina
  • Bolivia
  • Brazil
  • India


This project, started in 2015, has been completed.


Contact the project team

8 + 13 =

Research team

Christine Verschuur
Graduate Institute Geneva

Filipe Calvao
Graduate Institute Geneva

Valeria Esquivel
Principal Member
United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD)

Marisa Lis Fournier
Principal Member
Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento

Isabelle Guérin
Principal Member
Institut de Recherche pour le Développement

Isabelle Hillenkamp
Principal Member
Institut de Recherche pour le Développement

Laville Jean-Louis
Principal Member
Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers

Rajib Nandi
Principal Member
Institute of Social Studies Trust

Miriam Nobre
Principal Member

Ieva Snikersproge
Principel Member
Graduate Institute Geneva

G Venkatasubramanian
Principal Member

Fernanda Wanderley
Principal Member
Universidad Mayor de San Andrés