Diffusion of Clean Energy Technology for Green Economy in Developing Countries

What are the most important barriers to low-cost green technology diffusion across developing countries?


Implementing clean energy is considered as one of the main challenges of our time. However, while developed countries are trying to operate the transition from a carbon oriented energy consumption towards a clean one, developing countries are still facing obstacles in the transmission of these practices. Even though the traditional economic theory argues that developing countries may simply adopt technologies produced elsewhere, there are market barriers which prevent them from doing so.

The aim of this research is not only to identify the obstacles that hinder the access to clean technologies in developing countries, but also to assess which procedures at the governance level may be applied in order to facilitate their diffusion. At the same time, the research also involves practical aspirations, which are to find best practices able to reinforce the institutional capacity of developing countries to adopt clean technologies.


  • Developing countries
  • Climate change
  • Clean energy innovation diffusion
  • Clean energy cooperation
  • Green economy policy
  • Energy poverty


  • Development
  • Economics
  • Engineering
  • Political science
  • Environment
  • International relations


International Organisations:

  • UNEP

Relevant Countries

  • Developing countries
  • Kenya
  • Mexico
  • Morocco
  • Philippines


This project, started in 2013, has been completed.

Contact the project team

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Research team

Liliana Andonova
Graduate Institute Geneva

Joelle Noailly
Graduate Institute Geneva

Kathryn Chelminski
Principal Member
Graduate Institute Geneva

Suchita Srinivasan
Principal Memeber
Graduate Institute Geneva

Eirik Sandnes Lindebjerg
Associated Member
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

Laura Diaz Anadon
Associated Member
Harvard University

Manfred Elsig
Associated Member
University of Berne

Joy Kim
Associated Member
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

Jérémy Laurent-Lucchetti
Associated Member
Université de Genève

Lena Maria Schaffer
Associated Member
Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich