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Clean Energy Access: Gender Disparity, Health and Labour Supply


 AP Verma


This article highlights a successful development program in Indonesia that focused on providing subsidies for adopting clean cooking fuel, instead of kerosene. The results show that when women gained access to clean energy, there were notable improvements in their health, leading to increased productivity. Concurrently, men also experienced an increase in work hours, especially in households where women benefited the most.

Specifically, this program resulted in enhanced lung capacity and more working hours for women, particularly those managing household tasks.

The article further suggests that improved indoor air quality plays a crucial role in achieving positive outcomesand showcases Indonesia’s effective fuel conversion initiative as a model for achieving widespread use of clean energy. In less than ten years, the policy transformed Indonesia from having the lowest to the highest population with access to clean cooking, offering valuable lessons for other regions striving for universal access to affordable, reliable, and modern energy by 2030.

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